Saturday, May 23, 2020
At first glance, the 17th century paintings of the Baroque period, India, and China may not have much in common, but upon closer inspection there are relationships and divergences to consider beyond the surface. These details can be seen between BichitrÃ¢â¬â¢s Jahangir Preferring a Sufi Shaykh to Kings, Wang HuiÃ¢â¬â¢s A Thousand Peaks and Myriad Ravines, and Diego VelÃ ¡zquezÃ¢â¬â¢s Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor). While each carries the style of its own location of origin, they all showcase influence and subject matter similarities and differences worth making note of, most specifically the presence of duality in focus within the paintings. The first painting is 17th century art from India, BichitrÃ¢â¬â¢s piece depicts Jahangiri being seated among anÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦(Sullivan). The third of the paintings stemming from the Baroque period done by VelÃ ¡zquez is one of his many works for the court, setting the tone in the particular area, while not extending much further (49, Bazin). The court employing VelÃ ¡zquez was that of King Philip IV, with the focus of this painting being the kingÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. This particular piece has not only the artist himself depicted, the children of the court scattered about, but also a mirror in the back showing the King and Queen standing as the painter is depicted to be painting their portrait. Each point of attention draws way from the former, then pushing to the next in a cycle of focus. Once VelÃ ¡zquez started using almost strictly the style of portraits, he mastered the art using the available means to the fullest. The painting at hand in particular uses his mastery of portraiture to the fullest in varying who is being painted and their positions on the canvas (59-60, Bazin). Each painting draws influence from their individual location of origin, mostly in subject, to appeal to the patrons of the time. While each piece was created within the 17th century, there are obvious differences from place to place in how they were meant to be created. This is evident in the materials used for the paintings, VelÃ ¡zquezÃ¢â¬â¢s piece being oil on canvas, HuiÃ¢â¬â¢s being a hanging scroll consisting of ink on paper, andShow MoreRelatedSan Velazquez s Las Meninas2698 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesKim 1 Diego VelÃ ¡zquez s Las Meninas Las Meninas by Diego VelÃ ¡zquez is depicted as a group portrait of Spanish King Philip IV (8 April 1605 - 17 September 1665) at the Habsburg court. The painting well demonstrates VelÃ ¡zquez s painting techniques that can be recognized by dramatic mood, rich color and extreme contrast between light and dark. It is absolutely extraordinary and implies influences VelÃ ¡zquez has had, especially Flemish Baroque realism. VelÃ ¡zquez had a deeper ambition in his mind whenRead More Criticism Of Diego VelÃ zquezs Las Meninas, SebastiÃ n de Morra, and Baltasar Carlos and a Dwarf3930 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesequal value, he was known as Ã¢â¬Å"the painterÃ¢â¬â¢s painter,Ã¢â¬ as demonstrated in the paintings Las Meninas, SebastiÃ n de Morra, and Baltasar Carlos and a Dwarf. Las Meninas is a pictorial summary and a commentary on the essential mystery of the visual world, as well as on the ambiguity that results when different states or levels interact or are juxtaposed. The painting of The Royal Family also known as Las Meninas has always been regarded as an unsurpassable masterpiece. According to Palomino, it Ã¢â¬ËwasRead MoreDoes Being Older Mean Making More Money?1666 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages10 The Spirit of Baroque Study Guide 1. What statement best describes the function of the Taj Mahal, in Agra, India? a. a mosque dedicated to the Mughal faithful b. a tomb for the wife of an emperor and himself c. a shrine marking the site of an incident in the life of Muhammad d. a temple where worshippers honor the Great Buddha Page ref: 259 2. Of the baroque qualities below, which is most clearly illustrated in Berninis Ecstasy of St. Teresa, centerpiece of the Cornaro Chapel?
Monday, May 11, 2020
The Impact of Mental Illnesses and Health Problems from Work-Related Stress on Employees in Office Jobs Introduction Year after year a behavioral change began to impact her life; she became irritable, fatigued and gained almost fifty pounds. She was no longer fun to be around and isolated herself away from everyone. Her kids would ask if she was okay and knew something was wrong. The work-related stress and harassment she received from her bosses triggered symptoms of depression. The job took place at Unknown Healthcare where she was an administrative assistant. An office job that paid fairly well, however, was stressful because of the rigorous demands from the bosses and the abusive behavior in which they treated her. She was working 9-5 everyday with some days of overtime while being a single parent with two young kids. She decided it was in her best interest to quit the job and find something where she would be happier and healthier. However the damage was already done as she currently, to this day, suffers from chronic depression. After leaving the job she began taking anti-depressants and found a job that she loves. You can see a huge improvement in behavior, as she has more energy and is enjoyable to be around again. She will be interviewed in a different segment with regards to the study. Stress in the workplace is a common safety and health issue in the 21st century and can lead to mental illnesses such as depression if untreated for years. Not onlyShow MoreRelatedHealth And Safety Of Workers1699 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesincreasing steadily for a number of decades. Consequently, concern regarding the influence of overtime and longer working hours on the health and safety of workers has grown amongst both members of the scientific community and the healthcare industry itself. There are many studies illustrating the adverse effects on the general health and wellbeing of workers resulting from frequent overtime shifts and extended working hours. Specifically, evidence of a relationship between long working hours and an increasedRead MoreAn Immense Amount Of Peop le Overdo Their Bodies As They1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesparticipating in a steady job is good for your health and wellbeing. It contributes to happiness and rewards us with other benefits as well. However, overworking leads to stress, depression and emotional exhaustion. This is all due to many factors associated with your job. The work environment, people you work with, your personal life and health background all play a role. Furthermore, it is that work related stress and bad health aligns with this aspect. Taking care of yourself and your health is imperativeRead MoreStress in Organizations1911 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesis unique among the senses mostly because it is related to cognition which provides individuals the capacity to receive signals from within or outside their bodies. Though, the whole process of signalling is founded on a much more complex theory than sending and receiving messages, but on comparing. An indicator involves a combination of what we see and what we expe ct to see, of how we act and what we actually experience by performing a task. Stress follows an analogous process, occurring when theRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of A Disease Essay1485 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHealth in one opinion can be defined as ones physical, mental and/or social condition. Someone who may be considered healthy who might feel good and look physically well and also have a positive minded outlook about life can be regarded as being healthy. People need good health for them to be able to grow and develop, and to continue a good and healthy life. A person would need to have some type of shelter, variety of nutrients, some exercise, some sleep or rest and good hygiene to lessen the chancesRead MoreThe Effects Of Workplace Stress On The United Kingdom Courts8122 Words Ã |Ã 33 PagesThis study examined workplace stress in a random sample of litigated cases heard in the United Kingdom courts. The majority of claims related to clinical depression. The alleged causes of workplace stress most commonly cited in litigation included: excessive workload, followed by poor management practices, organisational, economic or technical change, aggressive management style, and bullying by co-workers. The presence of effective workplace stress management policies were important interventionsRead MoreStress Management3984 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesview that the incidence of work-related stress increased dramatically in Australian organisations during the 1990s and early 2000s? Should employers be made responsible for dealing with the negative effects of work- related stress on their employees? If so how could they do this? Prepared for: Nick Foster Udam Wickremaratne 10571359 Occupational stress is a major news item, which has captured numerous headlines across the industrialized world and rightly so. Stress is reported to cost employersRead MoreJob Stress and Its Impact on Employee Performance18500 Words Ã |Ã 74 PagesCHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1. Introduction to the topic People at work worry about all sorts of things; increasing competition for jobs, globalization, terrorism, looking after aging parent and relatives, annual appraisal, new technology, outsourcing of jobs along with increased demand of employer for higher productivity. These and some other factors make the employees experience certain pressures at times. Like they have to meet certain deadlines, cope with some unusual but critical situations on theirRead MoreManagement of Employee Wellness at Work: Foxconn3691 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesCritical Examination of the Management of Employee Wellness at Work in Foxconn Student ID: 516194 December, 2012 Table of Contents Word account: 3374 Ã¢â¦ Introduction---------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Ã¢â¦ ¡ Background--------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Ã¢â¦ °Wellness Management---------------------------------------------------------------3 Ã¢â¦ ±Foxconn----------------------------------Read MoreManaging Stress and Conflict Essay2651 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesCandidate Name: Samantha Salmon Managing stress and conflict in the organisation Assignment Table of Contents Contents Page Number 1 Understand the effectiveness of own organisation in dealing with workplace stress and conflict Evaluate the effectiveness of the organisation in recognising workplace stress and conflict and providing the necessary support mechanisms 3 2 Be able to improve the management of workplace stress and conflict in own area of responsibility Read MoreA Brief Note On Health And Illness Have A Different Meaning For People Living1921 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesDescription: Health and illness have a different meaning for people living in different sections of society. For people living in underprivileged or disadvantaged section, basic health services are an essential part to manage their life. Accessibility and low-cost medical care are needed to attend to health woes. Though there are some permanent loopholes in the health care facilities in remote areas, people rely more or less on the limited health services made available. Feelings: I have observed
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(31) " branch stores material needs\." Gathering and distributing information is as old as the human race itself. From the early days of cave paintings to todayÃ¢â¬ s modern computer databases, human being has constantly searched to improve the way we communicate. In the business climate of today you must either have a state of the art information network or no clients. We will write a custom essay sample on Hypothesis Supply Chain Management in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Business Climate or any similar topic only for you Order Now The cutthroat world of bushiness is cruel if your company can not keep up with the cutting edge technology. The way to beat the competition is to have the most state of the art information gathering and distribution network. Having this type of network is not the only battle, being able to use this system properly comes in handy as well. This paper is a walk through of information technology as it relates Supply Chain Management. Along this journey stops in the past, present, and future are made. Hypothesis Supply Chain Management in todayÃ¢â¬ s business climate is the wave of the future. The gathering and distribution of information is the most important task in business today. History of Information Technology The evolution of Information Technology starts from the inception of the human communication. The real leaps and bounds came at the birth of the computer. Previously gathering of information took place without the use of real technology. Granted the use of writing letters and the use of telephone and telegraph speed the flow of information. These early forms did not have great storage capacity or easy access by many parties. The best analogy to use is a row of matches all lined up end to end. Traveling from one end to the other is the way the precomputer days had information flowing. With the use of a computer as a distribution point the picture of the matches changes from the line to a circle, with the distributor in the middle reaching all concerned groups at the same time. This visual perception shows the need for Supply Chain Management. The reason for Supply Chain Management is to make money. The easiest way to do so is to save time and space. The quick distribution of information does both. Information technology was first used as just a simple and efficient way of giving information out within the company. The main reason that these first uses were so simple is that the computer was also in its developmental stages. (Gordon, 1996) The painful fact was as much as companies wanted to more utilize the technology at hand it was expensive and consumed rooms full of space. With the later development of the desktop workstation corporations were better able to put the information at the fingertips of all their employees. This giant leap in both computer technology and information technology paved the way for some of the Supply chainÃ¢â¬ s current uses. The previous uses where to gather information from satellite sites throughout the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s domain and bring this information back to a central processing point. Examples of the types of information transferred are employee and supplier records, inventories, and sales figures for the branch. This one way flow of information was the old school of thinking when it comes to the science of information management. Supply Chain Management says that you have your information flowing in more than one direction to work. Specific hardware changes that helped boost the importance of Supply Chain Management are the shrinking of both the size and cost of each computer. The reduced size of memory chips made for the easy shrinkage of the computer due to the large portion of space that this component takes up. Other hardware improvements include the reduced size of the tubes in the monitor making them less like the floor console televisions of old. Along with all of these improvements another strange thing happened, the price went down, as new technology became available. The use of the computer to distribute and gather information became affordable to all companies great and small. Increased storage capacity allowed companies to gather and hold more information at their fingertips. (Davidow, 1996) The other changes in Supply Management came in software development. The increased power of computers led software designers to actually create programs like databases and spreadsheets. The ease of use and organized storage of information made new programs appealing to the business world. The need to store and distribute information became the market niche for companies like Lotus, JD Edwards and Computer Associates. Addressing concerns such as security and accesses were two points of emphasis for corporate software buyers. The big hurdle to cross was not how to just gather information within your own organization but to also explore outside those boarders to gain more cost and time savings with suppliers and customers. The tool that answered this call was the development of the Internet and the World Wide Web. This network of computers combined with the new hardware allows for the communication of information around the world in seconds. The other thing the Internet brings to the table is information that any one could access even from the privacy of their homes. The important change here is now you can reach potential suppliers and customers very inexpensively. Remember that information is not just for company employees, but the consumer who likes to make informed purchases. Enhancement of networks and systems allows your suppliers to solicit you to meet your need. This is different from the old style in which you contact the vendor with a need. With all the legwork being done to provide your company itÃ¢â¬ s supplyÃ¢â¬ s you can concentrate on giving the customer what they want. All this is possible from properly managing your Supply Chain (Ross et al. , 1996). Current Supply Chain Applications Companies use Supply Chains in many different ways that suit their business needs. A company like Mrs. Fields cookies uses its Supply Chain resources to gain valuable information about each of its branch stores material needs. You read "Hypothesis Supply Chain Management in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Business Climate" in category "Essay examples" Along with this flow of information to central spot, the company provides direction and guidance back to the store managers from afar. By evaluating sales and inventory data district mangers make recommendations as to sales improvements and continued growth. Projections on material usage and personnel decisions and scheduling are handled from a central point. Companies like Microsoft use information technology to direct a global customer base and handle questions and concerns surrounding their product. Microsoft customer service representatives handle hundreds of electronic messages sent via the Internet about the customerÃ¢â¬ s latest purchase. Other uses include companies like Martian Marietta who use information gathering through the internet and suppliers to bid lower on contracts. The company does this by sending out specs of the project and letting teams of manufacturing employeesÃ¢â¬ design to way to build the product. All the product requirements go to the suppliers for quotes and delivery schedules. From there the information goes back to the sales force who puts a dollar figure to the bid. This information exchange takes usually less than one week while leading competitors take over months. The reason other take so long is because of the face to face meetings and data organization time. Martin MariettaÃ¢â¬ s quick turn time does more than allow the sales force to bid on many contracts but allows for very accurate price quotes as well. Today many companies use the Supply Chain in different ways to suit their own needs. The basic principals are still the same, gain information and mold it while cutting down on the time it takes to get material and distribute the product to the customer. Gordon, 1996) One of the major tools used today is the Internet. Firms throughout the world use this global communication medium. The biggest importance to companies is keeping them in touch with the doings of other similar companies around the world. Uses of the Internet include soliciting potential customers as well as finding out what the competition is doing. This inexpensive form of advertising has become a favorite for marketing directors of all firms. This new medium allows for the connection to previously unreachable markets. Some companies like Amazon Books are a virtual company using the Internet as its headquarters. What Amazon does is sell books, but instead of being located in the local mall their location is Amazon. om on the Internet. This is an example of a true virtual Supply Chain, by reaching customers and suppliers alike with out actually being there. To place an order all that is requires is to gain access to the virtual store and then find what book you are looking for. The book arrives at your door by any number of package carriers, with a savings of 15 % or greater over a local bookstore. The reason prices are so cheap is there are no locations to lease and few employees run a store that services literally millions of customers from one location. Importance of Information In todayÃ¢â¬ s global economy the transfer of a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s information is a daunting task. The role of a CIO in todayÃ¢â¬ s large companies is more important than ever. Some companies have given the CIO equal ranking to that of the CEO. The current structure of the economy dictates that a company must be able to manage its information and Supply Chain assets. The most important part of any organization is the people. Tapping the information that is available is the task of the CIO. The job of knowledge management falls as the responsibility of all employees, though the majority of the burden lies on the CIO. Guiding and directing the Information assets of the company is also a task of the CIO. Falling behind competitors is a dangerous proposition, utilizing all of your employees and suppliers is the only way to gain new information and stay one step ahead of the competition. (Davenport, 1996) Other current IT considerations include the cutting down on time and space between customer needs and the companies answer to those needs. A prime example is the American auto industry. In the 1970Ã¢â¬ ³s the turn time for a concept car to make the production line was any where between three and five years. Now though the use of the Supply Chain automakers converse with what the customer wants then relays the information to the design team then to purchasing then finally on to the production team to complete the build. The current turn time is around 18 months. This is a time reduction of over 50%; the cost savings are tremendous. The implementation process takes less time and the customer gets more input to the final product. These are the ideal benefits of Supply Chain Management at work for you. Some companies have even passed some of the money they are saving back to the customer. (Gerkits, 1997) Asian companies have a great idea that relates to information technology and the Supply Chain. This idea is that they share information between competitors not just with suppliers and customers. The reason that they do this is to cut down on research and development costs. The Information Technology has endless possibilities in this field, a general storage position that is accessible by all parties. The idea is that you dump information into the pool and you pull out information that is beneficial to your organization. As the information resides in a database, a person has the opportunity to mold that knowledge and redeposit the information in the knowledge warehouse thus, synergy results. This above process allows for two plus two too equal 5 or more. This information sharing is a fairly new concept to American companies and especially new in the world of Supply Chain Management. The possibilities are endless provided that you control the flow of information and every participant is an equal benefactor. Rasmus, 1996) This sharing of in formation leads to the major concern of Supply Chain Management as it progresses into the next century. That is the issue of security, and how to control that sensitive information does not fall in to the wrong hands. Conceivably your companyÃ¢â¬â¢s information assets, the people, could sell your in formation to others on the world market. The business espionage game has become big money; companies will pay any price to get an edge. This scenario looks less likely with increased sharing of information. Security remains a real concern with the internal access to information. The problem comes when your supplier has permissions to your database and uses this information to unfairly compete with your customers. With all employees having new information at their fingertips how do you prevent retrieval of personnel files and trade secrets to those who do not have the need to know? The answer is in many of todayÃ¢â¬ s current software packages; the main stream idea is to limit access. What a company can do is install the information transfer programs but only allow certain sections to certain people. This variety of system is very popular with todayÃ¢â¬ s companies because it solves the problem and is very inexpensive. Remember that anyone who wants to crack your security system can if they spend the right amount of money and time. (Gopal and Gagon, 1995) Current Company Values Due to recent large jumps in the value of the Stockmarket some analysts have thrown out the theory that companies are over valued. This statement may be true under the old accounting principles where a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s worth is the amount of liquid assets it holds. With the increased emphasis on information technology and Supply Chain Management companies are being looked at in a new light, this light is that people are information assets. This notion makes it rather difficult to put a price on a company. People are now assets on a balance sheet because they can transfer information and add to existing information. The best way to picture this is that every employee has a nugget of information to give to each company. Each employee drops their nugget in the database with the others, but instead of forgetting it they are able to extract back out information. They take a look at all of the nuggets and add to them pool creating a new nugget. From the new knowledge someone else gains a new insight and then adds this information to the pool. This type of relationship is what makes the employees so valuable to your company and to those companies of your suppliers and customers. This is the best reason why the Stockmarket has set record highs in recent years. Investors know there is an X dimension to a company that does not show up on a balance sheet (Drucker, 1995). Future Implications of Supply Chain Management One of the changes that may occur is that employees could work at more than one place imparting information that they gain from other experiences. This takes consulting one step farther and hires workers out to the highest bidder. Imagine sitting at home working for Pepsi and Coke at their same time developing new manufacturing techniques. The reason you could do this is because of telecommuting and one company does not necessarily know that you work for the other. There is nothing wrong with collecting two salaries for the same amount of knowledge. The value placed on the information that people gather and distribute will increase for the future. The most important business task done today is to collect and distribute information for your company that was gathered from your suppliers and customers. Some other new ideas are to follow in Amazon. comÃ¢â¬ s footsteps and become a virtual storefront on the Internet. Some companies now use the Internet to control the total logistics of their operation from ordering to customer distribution. With the increased processing of information the customer has the ease of staying at home to make purchases. The new technology of the future brings so much more information to the table than in the past, with this increased amount of information people can make more informed choices in both purchasing and delivery (Coull and Rothman, 1993). Drawbacks of Supply Chain Management With information technology providing todayÃ¢â¬ s managers with literally thousands of pieces of information on one topic how do they still make the right choice? The final decision on a problem or project rests in the hands of the same person it did before all this information was so readily available. The problem is too much information. This problem leads to thinking too long about a project and the window of opportunity closes before your company has time to react. The decision-makers of the company have to sort vast amounts of information sifting through to find the pieces that are most useful to them. Information overload is a very real problem with larger supplier and customer databases. The manager still makes the call, right or wrong on a decision. Hopefully they possess more information than in the past. One of the other problems with the Supply Chain is that when first put on the market it promised to reduce the number of workers there by increasing productivity. The problem is that Supply Chain Management has only displaced jobs and no real productivity gains show up in most sectors of the economy (Attewell, 1996). Other hindrances to Supply Chain Management include less face to face interaction. This is a problem mostly on a sales side of the house. Companies are now on a Just In Time delivery system that brings their goods to the factories when they are ready to use them. The ordering process for this system uses Supply Chain values. What happens is that a buyerÃ¢â¬â¢s inventoryÃ¢â¬â¢s records post on the supplierÃ¢â¬â¢s system. They have a min. max. system in place telling the supplier when to ship the product. This definitely cuts down on the number of people in business who come by to check inventory levels and see if you are ready to place another order. With the new inter-plant communication people see less and less of their coÃ¢â¬âworkers and supervisors. Telecommuting has also taken off for some companies. This method of work has very little face to face dialog. The customer may lose out as well; they do not receive the face to face support that they have know in the past with a particular product. Even know some companies do not answer your questions about a purchase with a real person a canned message is on a computer with options. This method of customer service is less expensive for companies so expect this trend to increase. This problem is more one for Social scientist than for smart business operations. (Davidow, 1995) The final drawback is the value of your company. This is not only a problem for investors, but also when you go to borrow money. How do you determine the exact worth of the corporation? Earlier we learned that company now has more value placed on them than just the liquid assets. How does a lending institution loan money, certainly not on the value of people? They need hard assets to back up a loan. What we have is two different values of the same firm. The problem comes when your market value far exceeds your lending value. The reason is that you may need a certain amount for a loan to stay competitive, yet because of hard asset value you can not afford it. The sale of more stock is an option, yet companies may not want to put themselves in a position to have a hostile take over (Rayport and Sviokla, 1995). Conclusion As the technology of gathering and distributing information and supplies increases our business world faces problems. The positive aspects far outweigh the changes that companies will make to accommodate new Supply Chain assets. Companies are currently getting on board the information technology train; this trend appears to continue in the future. Over the history of humanity there has never been a lack of need for information. The science of Supply Chain Management can either make or break business today based on utilization of the service. The company that remembers employees now play a major role in adding data to the information warehouse will reap large rewards. The personal uses of Supply Chains are still a bit behind the business world but still make home life a lot easier by paying the bills electronically. The value system has a way of righting itself, so company values on both the market and in lendersÃ¢â¬â¢ eyes will equal in the end. The best proof positive example that the use of Supply Chain Management works is with the U. S. automakers and the recent increases in market share they have seen. The turnaround owes its success to the faster processing of information, especially the desires of the customer. Supply Chain Management is the most important set of skills and tasks that a company has today. How to cite Hypothesis Supply Chain Management in TodayÃ¢â¬â¢s Business Climate, Essay examples
Friday, May 1, 2020
Question: Explain the Concepts of Core Competences Resources and apply these to relevant "THE" organisation. Hofstege Cultural dimensions Input Vs Output 3keys of financial analysis ,longitudinal,cross section,Ratio analysis Paticular concernes of "THE " managersThe operational context Answer: The operational context Following are the two current issues: - Rising operating costs: there is a major issue or concern that the expenses in operations will escalate at high rate in comparison of income which eroding the foundation. It is important that operators can supervise the energy costs, expensive insurance cost, labour shortage and labour related cost and standards of brands (Altinay et al., 2015). Rapid transformation and merging of multiple technologies: the tourism and hospitality industry are quickly shifting the base to internet related technology which also makes it easier integration. Thus, the industry ends up at more finished operational data. There are number of hotel operators that are taking complete advantage of the alternatives to streamline the operations however, the adoption is quickly impacted by the older system as well as outdated structure or infrastructure (Buhalis and Crotts, 2013). The human resource context Rapid change in labour situations: the tourism industry is facing labour as well as human resources issues which consist of the compression or shrinkage of the labour union along with union issues as well as increasing health care and advantage based costs (Law et al., 2014). Evolved customer expectations: the capacity to meet the needs of consumer and predict the changing needs which continues to be an important option. Most specifically, consumers are rapidly getting sophisticated in their usage of the technology for the sake of research, choose and buy lodging. Hofstede Cultural dimensions There are number of studies based on human behaviour which are crucial in the workplace of hospitality since the products in this industry cannot be mentioned as tangible specifically those aspects of services that are offered that cannot be just measured as good or bad. The approach or the behaviour of the workforce does have a positive as well as negative impact on the customer since the services can be distinguished from its provider (Mok et al., 2013). Thus, it is important to have a positive effect based study associated with culture differences. The concept of Hofstede has been presented as a highly balanced model on cultural differences and as most of the dimension are on broader side that it helps in evaluating as well as interpreting the attitude of employees in this industry. The financial context Escalated construction and renovation cost: there is obviously rise in renovation as well as construction cost which resulted in escalating the reinvestment in terms of capital and the exposure for many current hotels and rise in capital needs for newer construction (Page, 2014). Rise in consolidation of hotel companies: as there is consolidation of brans and there is proliferation in the reach of market owners that are finding it challenging to choose a brand that is represented in past in the market or that is never impacted by any kind of encroachment challenges. Input vs. output The hospitality industries are influenced by the state based economy because of rising induced impact from outcome and a major and direct or indirect as well as induced impacts from labour based income and employment instead of their relative lower multipliers. Another important thing is the hospitality industry has a strong as well as inter-dependent association with insurance and finance sector (Raj and Griffin, 2015). In addition, the hospitality industry is generating more income for labour as well as employment that did the other industry and it is also interesting that the other accommodation industry can develop more output that the industry. The product and markets context Effect of rising energy cost on consumer travel and demand of hotel: decrease in all kind of consumer travel may be possible as high energy cost that take a challenging bite out of corporate budgets as well as personal space along with expenditure on travel is one of initial discretionary items that needs to be eliminated (Riley, 2014). Rise in condo based hotels: the trending surge for condo based hotels and options based ownership brings on a complete new set of challenges for the developers, owners of units and management. SMART Specific: it is important for the industry to define their goals in terms of product offering as per the changing trends. Measurable: it is also important set the definite target which can be measured from time to time so that product can be customized as per customer taste. Attainable: it is important to take one step at a time with calculative risk. Reasonable: it is also important to set goals which are consistent with other already existing goals (Tran, 2015). Time frame: the trend and technology are rapidly changing so it better to keep a short time frame to change References Altinay, L., Paraskevas, A. and Jang, S.S., 2015.Planning research in hospitality and tourism. Routledge. Buhalis, D. and Crotts, J., 2013.Global alliances in tourism and hospitality management. Routledge. Law, R., Buhalis, D. and Cobanoglu, C., 2014. Progress on information and communication technologies in hospitality and tourism.International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management,26(5), pp.727-750. Mok, C., Sparks, B. and Kadampully, J., 2013.Service quality management in hospitality, tourism, and leisure. Routledge. Page, S.J., 2014.Tourism management. Routledge. Raj, R. and Griffin, K.A. eds., 2015.Religious tourism and pilgrimage management: An international perspective. cabi. Riley, M., 2014.Human resource management in the hospitality and tourism industry. Routledge. Tran, B., 2015. Expatriate selection and retention: Identifying and assessing the other characteristics beyond knowledge, skills, and abilities. InHandbook of research on global hospitality and tourism management(pp. 468-492). IGI Global
Saturday, March 21, 2020
Abolishing Mandatory Attendance For Schools Essays - Student Abolishing Mandatory Attendance For Schools So that nobody has to go to school if they don't want to, by Roger Sipher states that compulsory attendance laws should be abolished. His argument is that students that don't wish to be in school are antagonistic to the school and prevent others form learning, and therefore not be forced to attend school. There are six advantages. Although these six advantages produce enormous dividends, there are still some major flaws with his plan. First flaw with the plan is where are the children going to go? The children can't just run the streets not being able to even read or write. Therefore you need supervision, but with supervision comes money. And there are not many people who would even take this babysitting job because of the money. Money is the second big issue. The funds are just not there to run a quality, high-tech school and pay the teachers. Thirdly, can children of that age make a sound decision about something as important as school? No, of course not. Children of this age just don't have enough experience with life to make that important of a decision for their future. Another motive for children not performing up to standards is the pressure. Maybe to much pressure is being put on students to perform in this high-tech world. The emphasis as faded away from the basic skills of reading and writing and arithmetic and has now focused on technology. The pressure needs to be taken off the children at such a tender age in their lives. And be put back on what really matters. The students who chose to be antagonistic can be sent to alternative schools such as Boot camps, Boys and Girls club, YMCA, and other local programs and organizations. The problem here is not attendance; the problem here is attitude. Although this plan has great features there is however an effect that is detrimental. The ability to read, write, and even the basic arithmetic are skills that everyone NEEDS to know. What in the world are you going to do with a kid that is in his twenty's and can't perform these basic skills. This is not going to be good. Although Sipher's plan is a very good idea, the cons outweigh the pros. This plan would solve many problems, but in the long run it would create more.
Thursday, March 5, 2020
Why Being a Perfectionist Can Be Harmful If you are a perfectionist, you are probably familiar with the feeling of wanting to get everything just right. You may struggle with handing in papers, agonize over projects at work, and even worry about small errors from the past. High standards are one thing, but perfectionismÃ is quite another. And as some researchers have discovered, pursuing perfection can have serious consequences to both mental and physical well being. What Is Perfectionism? According to researchers, perfectionists hold themselves to unrealisticallyÃ high standardsÃ and become self-critical if they believe they havenÃ¢â¬â¢t met these standards. Perfectionists are also likely to feel guilt and shame if they experience failures, which often leads them to avoid situations where they are worried they might fail. Amanda Ruggeri, writing about perfectionism for BBC Future, explains, Ã¢â¬Å"WhenÃ [perfectionists] donÃ¢â¬â¢t succeed, they donÃ¢â¬â¢t just feel disappointment about how they did. They feel shame about who they are.Ã¢â¬ How Perfectionism Can Be Harmful Although many people see the pursuit of excellence as a good thing, researchers have found that on the extreme end, perfectionism is actually linked to lower mental health. In one study, researchers analyzed how perfectionism was related to mental health across previous studies. They looked at a total of 284 studies (with over 57,000 participants) and found that perfectionism was associated with symptoms of depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders. They also found that people higher in perfectionism (i.e. participants who more strongly identified with perfectionist traits) also reported higher levels of overall psychological distress. In an article published in 2016, researchers looked at how perfectionism and depression were related over time. They found that people higher in perfectionism tended to have increases in depression symptoms, which suggests that perfectionism may be a risk factor for developing depression. In other words, although people may think of their perfectionism as something that helps them succeed, it appears that their perfectionism may actually be harmful for their mental health. Is perfectionism always harmful? Psychologists have debated this point, with some suggesting that there can be such a thing as adaptive perfectionism, in which people hold themselves to high standards without engaging in self-criticism over mistakes they make. Some researchers have suggested that a healthier form of perfectionism involves pursuing goals because you want to, and not blaming yourself if you fail to meet a goal. However, otherÃ researchers suggest that perfectionism is not adaptive: according to these researchers, perfectionism is more than just holding yourself to high standards, and they donÃ¢â¬â¢t think perfectionism is beneficial. Is Perfectionism on the Rise? In one study, researchers looked at how perfectionism has changed over time. The researchers reviewed previously collected data from over 41,000 college students, from 1989 to 2016. They found that over the time period studied, college students reported increasing levels of perfectionism: they held themselves to higher standards, felt there were higher expectations placed on them, and held others to higher standards. Importantly, what increased the most were the social expectations that young adults picked up on from the surrounding environment. The researchers hypothesize that this could be because society is increasingly competitive: college students might pick up on these pressures from their parents and from society, which would increase perfectionist tendencies. How to Combat Perfectionism Since perfectionism is associated with negative outcomes, what can someone with perfectionist tendencies do to change their behavior? Although people are sometimes hesitant to give up their perfectionist tendencies, psychologists point out that giving up on perfection doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean being less successful. In fact, because mistakes are an important part of learning and growing, embracing imperfection can actually help us in the long run. One possible alternative to perfectionism involves developing what psychologists call a growth mindset. Researchers at Stanford University have found that cultivating a growth mindset is a crucial way to help us learn from our failures. Unlike those with fixed mindsets (who see their skill levels as innate and unchangeable), those with growth mindsets believe they can improve their abilities by learning from their mistakes. Psychologists point out that parents can play a crucial role in helping their children develop healthier attitudes towards failure: they can praise their children for making an effort (even if their results were imperfect) and help children learn to persevere when they make mistakes. Another potential alternative to perfectionism is to cultivate self-compassion. To understand self-compassion, think about how you would respond to a close friend if they made a mistake. Odds are, youÃ¢â¬â¢d probably respond with kindness and understanding, knowing that your friend meant well. The idea behind self-compassion is that we should treat ourselves kindly when we make mistakes, remind ourselves that mistakes are part of being human, and avoid being consumed by negative emotions. As Ruggeri points out for BBC Future, self-compassion can be beneficial for mental health, but perfectionists tend not to treat themselves in compassionate ways. If youÃ¢â¬â¢re interested in trying to foster more self-compassion, the researcher who developed the concept of self-compassion has a short exercise you can try. Psychologists have also suggested that cognitive behavioral therapy can be a way to help people change their beliefs about perfectionism. Although perfectionism is linked to lower mental health, the good news is that perfectionism is something you can change. By working to see mistakes as learning opportunities, and replacing self-criticism with self-compassion, itÃ¢â¬â¢s possible to overcome perfectionism and develop a healthier way of setting goals for yourself. References: Curran, T., Hill, A. P. (2017, Dec 28). Perfectionism Is Increasing Over Time: A Meta- Analysis of Birth Cohort Differences From 1989 to 2016. Psychological Bulletin. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/bul0000138 apa.org/pubs/journals/releases/bul-bul0000138.pdfDahl, M. (2015, Sept 17). Is it possible to be a perfectionist without driving yourself nuts? The Science of Us (New York Magazine). http://nymag.com/scienceofus/2015/09/perfectionism-but-without-driving-yourself-nuts.htmlLeahy, R. L. (2017, Mar 15). Successful imperfection. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/anxiety-files/201703/successful-imperfectionLimburg, K., Watson, H. J., Hagger, M. S., Egan, S. J. (2016). The relationship between perfectionism and psychopathology: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 73(10), 1301-1326. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22435 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311939754Neff. K. Definition of self-compassion. http://self-compassion.org/the-t hree-elements-of-self-compassion-2/ Pruett, K. D. (2017, May 18). Being parents of a perfectionist. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/once-upon-child/201705/being-parents-perfectionistRuggeri, A. (2018, Feb 21). The dangerous downsides of perfectionism. BBC Future. bbc.com/future/story/20180219-toxic-perfectionism-is-on-the-riseSmith, M. M., Sherry, S. B., Rnic, K., Saklofske, D. H., Enns, M., Gralnick, T. (2016). Are perfectionism dimensions vulnerability factors for depressive symptoms after controlling for neuroticism? A meta-analysis of 10 longitudinal studies. European Journal of Personality, 30(2), 201-212. doi: 10.1002/per.2053 https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/b6ad/6f32c90beb8b2c2e6f3a0b698bd781bed0ba.pdf
Monday, February 17, 2020
Economic Inequalities in The United States - Research Paper Example The wish of most Americans is to bring the economic equality to an end. The society has been involved in the search of the possible social solutions to the increased inequality. The possible solutions include reducing taxes on the income of the low class group, increased taxes on the wealth and income of the high class group and adjusting the social security tax. Social nature of the problem Economic inequality exists in the United States due individuals having varied amount of money, power or even prestige. This problem creates different social classes among the people. Individuals in higher classes enjoy higher income and have continued to accumulate their wealth, while the lower class individuals in the society incur higher rates of taxes on their low income. As inequality in terms of resources widens, individuals with more wealth have become powerful and are be able to attain their goals. They will be able to accomplish their vested interests at the expense of the lower social cl ass individuals. They are also influential in the society and are powerfully in making different decisions. Inequality in income results from several causes, some of these causes are relatively clear, others unknown and others are still under dispute. The basic cause of household income inequality at a structural level is variations in the yearly hours worked per household. It can be broken down into the product of the total number of workers, the yearly weeks worked and the weekly hours worked. This is a very significant factor among individuals in the lower class level. However, it remains minor among individuals who belong to the higher class. Beyond the total hours individuals have worked, income inequality arises out of; the variation of the income rates per hour and the income which has not been earned, these differences is mainly due to differences in the education level. Income inequality is common in the United States due to the variation of an individual position in terms of responsibility, its importance and the complexity. Income remains to be a common form of compensation. In most cases the market value is reduced by abundant supply hence, income is increased significantly by the possession of scarce skills. The most common source of income among the lower class individuals in America is not occupation but the government welfare. Causes of the problem There are several causes of economic inequality in the United States. These include; difference in the individualÃ¢â¬â¢s wealth and income, most individuals depends on the income they get from their jobs. Others however, benefits from both their jobÃ¢â¬â¢s income and their wealth. The big problem is that those with higher sources of income get larger percentage of increase than those with little income. The wealthy are able to accumulate their wealth and income for several years unlike those with little income and no wealth. This creates a wide gap between the two groups of individuals. Those who are wealthy are in a position to vie for political offices and invest more money in order to win. They will also be able to interact with other individuals of the same class and who also have similar power and interests. Another cause of inequality in the capitalistic society is that there is an existing belief that the government influence has to be maintained at a minimal level (Sen and Foster1997). When the